As the pro football teams get ready for their draft this spring, the big need this year seems to be for defensive players who can rush the passer. Most of you know, the Bengals were woeful on quarterback sacks last year. The new kid on the block seems to be a double A gap pressure package. To the novice fan, the defensive team puts a linebacker on each side of the center and hope they get a direct path to the quarterback.The key to sacks is how little time you take to hit the quarterback. In the double A gap defense, you can put immediate pressure on the quarterback and force the offense to keep an additional blocker in the backfield. Teams like to use this defense against quarterbacks like Tom Brady. Most teams put a tight end in the backfield. Of course, this eliminates one of the pass receivers that the quarterback can throw to.The Bengals are talking about acquiring such a pass rusher either from the upcoming draft or from the free agent market. We will see how successful they are.
Experimental study on the effect of diet on fatty acid and stable isotope profiles of the squid Lolliguncula brevis
Fatty acid and stable isotope analyses have previously been used to investigate foraging patterns of fish, birds, marine mammals and most recently cephalopod species. To evaluate the application of these methods for dietary studies in squid, it is important to understand the degree to which fatty acid and stable isotope signatures of prey species are reflected in the squids’ tissue. Four groups of Lolliguncula brevis were fed on prey species with distinctly different fatty acid and stable isotope profiles over 30 consecutive days. One group of squid were fed fish for fifteen days, followed by crustaceans for a further fifteen days. A second and third group were fed exclusively on fish or crustaceans for thirty days. And a fourth group was fed on a mixture of fish and crustaceans for thirty days. Analysis of squid tissue showed that, after 10 days of feeding, fatty acid profiles of squid tended to reflect those of their prey. Squid that fed on a single prey type, i.e. fish or crustacean, showed only minor modifications in fatty acid proportions after the initial change and fatty acid profiles were clearly distinguishable between the two feeding groups. Shifts in fatty acid proportions towards respective prey profiles could clearly be observed in squid the diet of which was swapped after 15 days. Clear differences could also be seen in fatty acid profiles of squid feeding on a mixed diet with trends towards either fish or crustacean fatty acid signatures. Stable isotope signatures of squid tissues clearly distinguished between animals feeding on different diets and supported findings from fatty acid analysis, thus indicating both methods to be viable tools in feeding studies on squid species.