VAN GAAL VS KOEMAN CITY WARY OF HAMMERS LONDON (AP): After a 4-0 victory against Maccabi Tel Aviv reminded Jose Mourinho of what it feels like to win, the Chelsea manager has an important decision to make before facing Arsenal in the Premier League tomorrow. Mourinho made six changes for the Group G Champions League game on Wednesday after Chelsea lost their third league game out of five at Everton last Saturday. Regular starters John Terry, Branislav Ivanovic, Nemanja Matic and Diego Costa were on the bench. The commanding victory could boost confidence among the Chelsea ranks, but Mourinho must decide whether to return his underperforming stars to the line-up or keep faith with players such as Ruben Loftus-Cheek and Loic Remy, who impressed against Maccabi. With Willian and Pedro Rodriguez expected to miss the Arsenal game through injury, Eden Hazard should keep his starting place, despite a below-par performance against Maccabi where he missed a penalty after five minutes. Manchester City have five wins from their opening five games in the Premier League and are yet to concede a goal. Manuel Pellegrini’s team is the early pacesetter atop the standings and the overwhelming favourites to beat West Ham tomorrow – although it knows the east London club is capable of upsets. Manager Slaven Bilic has already masterminded West Ham to two surprise away victories against Arsenal and Liverpool – games they were widely expected to lose. They comfortably beat Newcastle 2-0 on Monday and will head to Manchester confident of springing another surprise. West Ham could face a City side missing Sergio Aguero. The striker went off after 25 minutes with a right-knee problem when his side beat Crystal Palace last weekend and missed Tuesday’s loss to Juventus in the Champions League. Manchester United travel to Southampton on Sunday, where Louis van Gaal will renew his rivalry with Dutch counterpart Ronald Koeman. Their fractious relationship stems from when Koeman was manager at Ajax and Van Gaal was appointed technical director. Last season, Van Gaal’s United battled to a scarcely deserved 2-1 victory at St Mary’s, before Koeman avenged the defeat with a 1-0 win at Old Trafford. United heads to the south of England in inconsistent form – an impressive 3-1 victory against fierce rival Liverpool at Old Trafford was followed by a 2-1 loss to PSV Eindhoven in the Champions League on Tuesday. Captain Wayne Rooney missed both games with a hamstring problem and it’s unclear whether he will be available against Southampton.
1. The rich zooplankton, fish and squid resources on the Patagonian Shelf sustain substantial populations of largely resident seabirds and marine mammals, These habitats are also visited seasonally by similar species from elsewhere but few data exist on their status and origin. Recent studies, using satellite-tracking to determine foraging ranges and feeding areas of seabirds and am marine mammals breeding at South Georgia, have shown that several species make substantial use of the waters of the Patagonian Shelf. 2. Wandering albatrosses use shelf-edge areas year-round with direct observations of both sexes of almost all age classes, including, breeding, pre-breeding and non-breeding individuals. White-chinned petrels and female Northern and Southern giant petrels mainly visit during incubation and post-breeding, particularly to the Falklands Current (White-chinned petrels) and to upwelling areas around the southern shelf-break from the Burdwood Bank in the cast to Staten Island and Diego Ramirez in the west (giant petrels). Northern giant petrel males during incubation and Antarctic fur seals in winter reach inner shelf habitats in the northern sector. In contrast, South Georgia populations of black-browed and grey-headed albatrosses do not appear to use the Patagonian Shelf at any stage of their breeding cycle. 3. Although the use of the Patagonian Shelf by visiting species is now best documented for South Georgia species, recent observational data confirm that seabirds from Diego Ramirez, Tristan da Cunha and Gough visit the southern and northern sectors, during both breeding and non-breeding seasons respectively. Several Antarctic species (notably Antarctic fulmar and cape petrel) winter in the region as do at least two albatross species from New Zealand; other species (especially Wilson’s storm petrels) use it as a staging ground on migration, as do several species of baleen whales and possibly other cetacean species. 4. Three of the seabird species which breed on the Patagonian Shelf are Globally Threatened; seven of the visiting species (and four baleen whale species) also have this status. The Patagonian Shelf is, therefore, not only of global importance for the diversity and abundance of its resident top predators but is just as critical for the survival of many visiting species, some of which are even more endangered. 5. Combining data from satellite-tracking with conventional mapping from direct observations offers the prospect of defining the foraging ranges (and the main feeding areas within these) of a range of key top predator species. Such data should be used, in conjunction with similar information of the distributions of fish, squid and zooplankton resources and of fishing effort, to identify critical marine habitats whose precautionary, multiple-use sustainable management will be vital to protect the interests of both commercial fishers and top predators.