WASHINGTON – A resolution declaring the massacres of Armenians by Ottoman Turks a genocide will not be put to a House vote this year after an international furor forced the bill’s Southern California supporters to seek a delay. In a letter Thursday to House Speaker Nancy Pelsoi, the bill’s lead sponsor, Rep. Adam Schiff, D-Pasadena, asked her to postpone a vote, possibly until 2008. “We want to make sure that when we take up the resolution that we have the votes to succeed,” Schiff said. “I think we will. I think it’s only a question of timing.” Vicken Papazian, spokesman for the Armenian National Committee in Glendale, said he respects the lawmakers’ strategy decisions and remains confident it will come to a vote. “The Armenian community is in no way discouraged,” Papazian said. “Armenians are a resilient people.” AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.The resolution at one time had a record number of backers. Support eroded rapidly, however, after a key committee approved it last month. With Pelosi supporting the bill, its arrival on the House floor became, for the first time in decades, a likely scenario. Turkey recalled its ambassador in protest, and threatened to block vital supply routes to Iraq if the bill passed. About 70 percent of air cargo headed to Iraq goes through Turkey. Meanwhile, tensions raged between the U.S. and Turkey over northern Iraq, where Kurdish insurgents had staged several attacks on Turkish troops. Turkey had held back from invading in response to appeals from the Bush administration. But last week the Turkish parliament overwhelmingly granted the government permission to invade. “It’s pretty clear that they stumbled into a hornet’s nest greater than Adam Schiff or Nancy Pelosi probably ever anticipated,” said congressional scholar Norman Ornstein. “Clearly, the support was slipping away,” added Bulent Aliriza, director of the Turkey Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Washington, D.C., think tank. But, he added, “I don’t think the issue is going to go away.” Schiff said he doesn’t think it will either. He contended the measure is likely to regain support once the immediate crisis in Northern Iraq is under control. Both he and Papazian dismissed the possibility that Congress will grow weary of the issue and the battles it inevitably provokes between lawmakers and the administration. “Genocide never loses its relevancy,” Papazian said. The resolution declares that 1.5 million Armenians were killed, forcefully deported and displaced between 1915 and 1923 in a systematic genocide. Turks acknowledge committing atrocities against Armenians, but object to the word “genocide.” They say Armenians were killed when they joined forces with French and Russians to attack Turks and attempt to take control of Ottoman lands. More than 20 other countries have recognized the massacres of Armenians as genocide. Meanwhile, Republicans who in past years blocked consideration of the resolution, on Thursday ridiculed Pelosi for agreeing to delay it. [email protected] (202) 662-8731160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Experimental study on the effect of diet on fatty acid and stable isotope profiles of the squid Lolliguncula brevis
Fatty acid and stable isotope analyses have previously been used to investigate foraging patterns of fish, birds, marine mammals and most recently cephalopod species. To evaluate the application of these methods for dietary studies in squid, it is important to understand the degree to which fatty acid and stable isotope signatures of prey species are reflected in the squids’ tissue. Four groups of Lolliguncula brevis were fed on prey species with distinctly different fatty acid and stable isotope profiles over 30 consecutive days. One group of squid were fed fish for fifteen days, followed by crustaceans for a further fifteen days. A second and third group were fed exclusively on fish or crustaceans for thirty days. And a fourth group was fed on a mixture of fish and crustaceans for thirty days. Analysis of squid tissue showed that, after 10 days of feeding, fatty acid profiles of squid tended to reflect those of their prey. Squid that fed on a single prey type, i.e. fish or crustacean, showed only minor modifications in fatty acid proportions after the initial change and fatty acid profiles were clearly distinguishable between the two feeding groups. Shifts in fatty acid proportions towards respective prey profiles could clearly be observed in squid the diet of which was swapped after 15 days. Clear differences could also be seen in fatty acid profiles of squid feeding on a mixed diet with trends towards either fish or crustacean fatty acid signatures. Stable isotope signatures of squid tissues clearly distinguished between animals feeding on different diets and supported findings from fatty acid analysis, thus indicating both methods to be viable tools in feeding studies on squid species.