Surprising news articles undercut atheists’ claims to reason, and score points for Protestants.Why atheists are not as rational as some like to think (The Conversation). Here’s a rare article: a debunking of atheism by an evolutionist! Lois Lee, a Research Fellow in the Department of Religious Studies at the University of Kent, speaks of evolution as fact when she tries to explain why children do not necessarily follow their parents’ religion:This is perfectly rational in a sense, but children aren’t processing this on a cognitive level. Throughout our evolutionary history, humans have often lacked the time to scrutinise and weigh up the evidence – needing to make quick assessments. That means that children to some extent just absorb the crucial information, which in this case is that religious belief doesn’t appear to matter in the way that parents are saying it does.Theists will find plenty to criticize in this quote, but most of the rest of Lee’s article is quite illuminating. For once, someone at The Conversation (a soap box for anti-creationist Darwin dogmatists) pushes atheists off their self-righteous pedestals. Under a banner photo of Richard Dawkins speaking at a microphone, she begins,Many atheists think that their atheism is the product of rational thinking. They use arguments such as “I don’t believe in God, I believe in science” to explain that evidence and logic, rather than supernatural belief and dogma, underpin their thinking. But just because you believe in evidence-based, scientific research – which is subject to strict checks and procedures – doesn’t mean that your mind works in the same way.Unlike many scientists, Lois Lee has a career of asking atheists why they became atheists. She finds that theory and practice are two separate things. Some of her points are listed here:Religious people make the same point against atheists, that reason leads them to reject atheism.The science increasingly shows that atheists are no more rational than theists.Atheists are just as susceptible as the next person to “group-think” and other non-rational forms of cognition.Religious and nonreligious people alike can end up following charismatic individuals without questioning them.Our minds often prefer righteousness over truth.Emerging research is demonstrating that atheist parents (and others) pass on their beliefs to their children in a similar way to religious parents – through sharing their culture as much as their arguments.Atheists complain that children of religious people usually end up with the same beliefs, but this is true for atheist children, too – even in families that claim that children should be free to choose their own beliefs.Religious people (especially Protestants) often embrace science as important for their worldview.Some post-modern atheists embrace anti-scientific views of reality and the importance of science.Atheism provides a sense of meaning and comfort for them similar to the feelings religious people get from their beliefs.Christians will not find everything praiseworthy in this article. One thing she makes clear, however, is that atheists can’t claim the high ground on science or reason. In fact, among religious people, Protestants stand out:But are atheists more likely to embrace science than religious people? Many belief systems can be more or less closely integrated with scientific knowledge. Some belief systems are openly critical of science, and think it has far too much sway over our lives, while other belief systems are hugely concerned to learn about and respond to scientific knowledge.But this difference doesn’t neatly map onto whether you are religious or not. Some Protestant traditions, for example, see rationality or scientific thinking as central to their religious lives. Meanwhile, a new generation of postmodern atheists highlight the limits of human knowledge, and see scientific knowledge as hugely limited, problematic even, especially when it comes to existential and ethical questions. These atheists might, for example, follow thinkers like Charles Baudelaire in the view that true knowledge is only found in artistic expression.Lee ends by saying that humans “invented” science but are not “like” science in our choices and behaviors. We all have moments of irrationality. “Importantly, the scientific evidence does not tend to support the view that atheism is about rational thought and theism is about existential fulfilments.”Protestantism still matters when it comes to education, study shows (Phys.org). The Legacy of Martin Luther who wished to expand public education continues to have beneficial effects around the world, claims Andy Dunne at the University of Bath.An ‘enduring historical legacy’ of Protestant religion is still having a significant, positive impact on secondary school enrolment rates around the world, according to the results of a new international study from a researcher at the University of Bath (UK).Despite nearly two centuries of secularization and a dramatic expansion of government-provided secondary education since the mid-20th century in many countries around the world, the research by Dr. Horst Feldmann—just published in the journal Comparative Sociology —finds that in countries with a historical legacy of Protestantism more young people are attending secondary school.The influence is widespread:Looking at data from 147 countries—both from developed and developing countries—the paper studies the influence of historical as well as contemporary Protestantism on education in recent years—specifically the period from 1975 to 2010.How did this come about?At the start of the Reformation in 1517, initiated by Martin Luther, Protestantism made strenuous efforts to expand schooling. Luther demanded compulsory elementary education for boys and girls from all social classes. Other German Protestants soon developed a comprehensive system of schooling, including a system of secondary education. The German reforms quickly became a blueprint for education across many other countries in western and northern Europe.Why was this not known before?“This study is the first to show that the historically positive effect of Protestantism on schooling is still noticeable today.“It also shows that this is not only the case in a few traditionally Protestant countries. Rather the historically positive effect of Protestantism on schooling is a global phenomenon.“Unfortunately, Dunne ends that this positive influence is on the decline. Why? Dr Feldmann found that “contemporary Protestantism, in contrast to historical Protestantism, does not affect schooling.” It’s been very clear for the last few decades that the traditional bastions of Protestantism, including the UK and Germany, have not only become secularized (with very few people attending any church at all), but are now being overrun with Muslims who have a very different view of the world, and very different values in education.Think of the madrassas in Muslim countries teaching children from the very earliest ages that their greatest goal in life is to blow up as many non-Muslims as possible. Think of how they teach children to hate Jews and Americans. Now think of eastern countries that teach children that the greatest good is to abandon reality and meditate on the great nothingness. Now think of the modern western countries saturated in scientific materialism and Darwin’s belief in a universe of blind, pitiless indifference. Do you see problems ahead?The solution would be to return to the doctrines and values that Martin Luther taught. He did not invent these. He opened the Scriptures, which had been forgotten and locked up by the corrupt church leaders of his day. He saw what God had clearly said to mankind thousands of years ago: “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools lack wisdom and instruction” (Proverbs 1:7). Throughout the Bible, knowledge is praised. God instructed Moses to tell parents to teach their children diligently. Hard work, knowledge and wisdom are valued throughout the Bible. God’s word is the key. To avoid cultural catastrophe, we need a revitalization of the Reformation. Open the Word of life.97 Oh how I love your law!It is my meditation all the day.98 Your commandment makes me wiser than my enemies,for it is ever with me.99 I have more understanding than all my teachers,for your testimonies are my meditation.100 I understand more than the aged,for I keep your precepts.101 I hold back my feet from every evil way,in order to keep your word.102 I do not turn aside from your rules,for you have taught me.103 How sweet are your words to my taste,sweeter than honey to my mouth!104 Through your precepts I get understanding;therefore I hate every false way.105 Your word is a lamp to my feetand a light to my path.From Psalm 119(Visited 722 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
2 FTSE 100 shares I’d buy in a market crash Enter Your Email Address Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Kirsteen Mackay | Thursday, 6th February, 2020 | More on: CCH SN I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Kirsteen has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Coca Cola has been upping its game by moving its focus to low sugar, energy, tea, and coffee categories. In doing so, it has diversified its portfolio of soft drinks to ensure it continues to grow its market share in areas that customers desire.During a market crash, when prices are suppressed, can be the perfect time to pick up bargains. Keep a list of target companies you like, so that you’re ready to act. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Image source: Getty Images. Divide and conquerWorld-famous drinks brand Coca Cola doesn’t appear to be slowing down in either popularity or growth. Coca Cola HBC is one of the world’s largest bottlers for The Coca‑Cola Company.With a £10bn market cap, its stock value has risen over 158% in the past five years. It has a P/E of 19, earnings per share of £1.43, and a dividend yield around 2%. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. See all posts by Kirsteen Mackay Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! UK equity markets have been enjoying a bull run for over 10 years now and many people worry this can’t last. Hopefully, a market crash is not imminent, but it’s good to be prepared if it does rear its ugly head.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Buy low, soar highLong-term investors should remember, a market crash provides a great opportunity to buy quality shares at cheap prices.Buying a stock when the market has crashed can be daunting because you’ll be wondering if it has further to fall. Timing the market is not an exact science and I think getting it right is more down to luck than any kind of skill.If you’re buying shares in solid companies that will rise in value over the long term, then the nitty-gritty of the price you pay for the stock shouldn’t really matter. Having confidence in the company you’re buying into is key.Rich pickingsPrice-to-earnings ratios (P/E) for many of the FTSE 100’s most favoured companies have reached overly expensive levels in this recent bull run. So, some long-term investors would welcome the opportunity to buy their favourite shares at a lower price.Therefore, a market correction is a double-edged sword. It’s not pleasant to see billions of pounds knocked off the value of the stock market, but it does bring opportunity.Buy-and-hold investors with the ability to ride out the bad times will be rewarded for their patience when the bull run returns.So, with that in mind, two FTSE 100 stocks that would appeal to me if their share prices were lower are Smith & Nephew (LSE:SN) and Coca-Cola HBC (LSE:CCH).Live long and prosperFeeling fitter and younger is a high priority for an ageing population looking to enjoy a worry-free retirement. This has driven the number of people undergoing joint replacements to record highs.Smith & Nephew is a medical tech company specialising in orthopaedics (including knee and hip replacements), along with sports medicine and wound management. The Smith & Nephew share price has enjoyed a 27% rise over the past year. This despite a period of uncertainty in the autumn when the chief executive unexpectedly resigned over a pay dispute.The company has a £25bn market cap, P/E of 23, earnings per share of 79p, and a dividend yield of approximately 1.5%.Its niche popularity and increasing demand mean it’s rarely a cheap stock to buy into. That’s why it’s one I’d leap at in a market crash. I don’t see demand declining soon, so I think it’s a relatively safe investment for the long term.