New Delhi, Mar 3 (PTI) The HRD ministry today said that there is a proposal to revise norms for providing Central Assistance for kitchen devices in schools.In a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha, HRD minister Smriti Irani said that the Centre provides Rs 5000 per school to states for procurement of kitchen utensils as well as for replacement of kitchen devices every five years.”There is a proposal in the Ministry to revise norms for providing Central Assistance for kitchen devices linked to enrolment in schools,” she said.In a written reply to another question, Irani said that as per census 2011, there are 9,36,36,111 people in the country who speak Urdu. PTI ADS RG
An intercomparison of zenith-sky UV-visible spectrometers was held at Camborne, UK, for 2 weeks in September 1994. Eleven instruments participated, from nine different European institutes which were involved with the Second European Stratospheric Arctic and Mid-latitude Experiment (SESAME) campaign. Four instruments were of the Systeme d’Analyse d’Observations Zénithales (SAOZ) type, while the rest were particular to the institutes involved. The results showed that the SAOZ instruments were consistent to within 3% (10 DU) for ozone and 5% for NO2. For ozone the results from these instruments agreed well with total ozone measurements by Dobson and Brewer spectrophotometers and integrated ozonesondes when the air mass factors for the SAOZ were calculated using the ozonesonde profiles. Differences of up to 10% in ozone and 30% in NO2 were found between different instruments. In some cases these differences are attributable to the different absorption cross sections used in the analysis of the spectra, but other discrepancies remain to be investigated. A prominent source of error identified in the campaign was uncertainty in the derivation of the amount of absorber in the reference spectrum, which can contribute an error of up to 3% (10 DU) in ozone and 1.5×1014 molecules cm−2 in NO2.