Updated 8.50am THE SOUTH AFRICAN Olympian Oscar Pistorius was back in court this morning for a pre-trial hearing, the first time he has returned to court since being released on bail over the killing of his girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp.The hearing this morning was brief as the prosecution asked for more time to complete its investigations into the shooting dead of model Steenkamp in Pretoria in February.The case has been adjourned until 19 August following agreement between the prosecution and the defence.The 26-year-old ‘Blade Runner’ claims he shot Steenkamp through a locked bathroom door in the middle of the night after mistaking her for an intruder.But the prosecution argues it was premeditated murder, a crime that carries a maximum sentence of life in prison. The case is unlikely to come to a full trial until next year.Amid hectic scenes at Pretoria Magistrates Court, Pistorius’s sister and brother as well as other family and friends were in attendance. The athlete wore a grey suit and appeared composed in front of the cameras.Earlier this week the family of Pistorius, a double amputee, said it was left “shaken” by the leaked graphic photos of the blood-spattered bathroom where the killing happened.Read: Pistorius family ‘shaken’ by leaked imagesRead: Police took photos of Oscar Pistorius on their mobile phones after arrestMore: Oscar Pistorius hits out at disrespectful fans’ Reeva Steenkamp comments
The migration of the great snipe Gallinago media was previously poorly known. Three tracks in 2010 suggested a remarkable migratory behaviour including long and fast overland non-stop flights (Klaassen et al. 2011). Here we present the migration pattern of Swedish male great snipes, based on 19 individuals tracked by light-level geolocators in four different years. About half of the birds made stopover(s) in northern Europe in early autumn. They left the breeding area 15 days earlier than those which flew directly to sub-Sahara, suggesting two distinct autumn migration strategies. The autumn trans-Sahara flights were on average 5500 km long, lasted 64 h, and were flown at ground speeds of 25 m s-1 (90 km h-1). The arrival in the Sahel zone of West Africa coincided with the wet season there, and the birds stayed for on average three weeks. The birds arrived at their wintering grounds around the lower stretches of the Congo River in late September and stayed for seven months. In spring the great snipes made trans-Sahara flights of similar length and speed as in autumn, but the remaining migration through eastern Europe was notably slow. All birds returned to the breeding grounds within one week around mid-May. The annual cycle was characterized by relaxed temporal synchronization between individuals during the autumn-winter period, with maximum variation at the arrival in the wintering area. Synchronization increased in spring, with minimum time variation at arrival in the breeding area. This suggests that arrival date in the breeding area is under strong stabilizing selection, while there is room for more flexibility in autumn and arrival to the wintering area. The details of the fast non-stop flights remain to be elucidated, but the identification of the main stopover and wintering areas is important for future conservation work on this red-listed bird species.