APTN National NewsTens of thousands of jobs have disappeared in the Alberta tar sands since the price of oil fell through the floor.APTN’s Chris Stewart spoke with Melody Rain, a single mother, who was laid off in September.
Rabat – The World Bank has published its report of the 2018 Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (RISE) that listed 133 countries’ renewable energies improvements, giving Morocco a score of 74. RISE is informs investors of the sustainable energy policies and regulations of a given country.The World Bank surveyed 133 countries based on data provided by governments from 2010 to 2017. Alongside China, Brazil, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa, Morocco emerged as a prominent example of a country that has put in place advanced policy frameworks in support of sustainable energy.The report gave Morocco a score of 74 points for sustainable energy indicators, including access to electricity (100 points), energy efficiency (56 points), and renewable energy (67 points).In terms of energy efficiency, Morocco scored high with 80 points in the national energy efficiency planning indicator, 100 points in energy efficiency indicator, and 96 points in energy efficiency incentives from electricity rate structures. However, Morocco scored low in other indicators, including incentives and mandates put in place for the public sector (13 points), for industrial and commercial end users (13 points), transport (0 points), and minimum energy efficiency performance standards (32 points).Regarding renewable energies, Morocco did well in the legal framework for renewable energy (100 points), planning for renewable energy expansion (83), and attributes of financial and regulatory incentives (83 points).The report gave a medium score to incentive and regulatory support for renewable energy (62 points), counterparty risk (65), carbon pricing and monitoring (50), and use (23 points).Morocco produces 28,000 gigawatt hours of electricity, while the rest is imported from Spain.It seeks to boost its production capacity by 6,500 megawatts by 2020, with solar and wind energies each representing 2,000 megawatts, according to a US International Trade Administration 2017 report.
However, the government took strong preventative efforts, including the convictions of two labor recruitment agents who committed fraudulent recruitment offenses, and enhanced inter-ministerial coordination through monthly meetings.The U.S report urged Sri Lanka to improve efforts to investigate and prosecute suspected trafficking offenses, and convict and punish trafficking offenders, particularly those responsible for recruiting victims with fraudulent offers of employment and excessive commission fees for the purpose of subjecting them to forced labor; develop and implement formal victim referral procedures; ensure that victims of trafficking found within Sri Lanka are not detained or otherwise penalized for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of their being trafficked, such as visa violations or prostitution; train local law enforcement on victim identification, investigation of cases, and assembling strong cases; facilitate the speedy repatriation of foreign trafficking victims by providing airfare and not obligating them to remain in the country if they choose to initiate law enforcement proceedings; provide witness protection and incentives for victims to cooperate with law enforcement to enable prosecutions; improve services for shelters, legal aid, counseling, and trained staff at embassies in destination countries; promote safe tourism campaigns to ensure that child sex tourism does not increase with expected rapid growth of tourism; promote safe and legal migration rather than discouraging migration or imposing age restrictions on migrants; and improve regulation and monitoring of recruitment agencies and village level brokers. (Colombo Gazette) A small number of women from Thailand, China, and countries in South Asia, Europe, and the former Soviet Union may be subjected to forced prostitution in Sri Lanka, the report said.According to the report last year, the government did not convict any trafficking offenders. Serious problems remain, particularly in protecting victims of trafficking in Sri Lanka and abroad, and not addressing official complicity in human trafficking. Some child domestic workers in Colombo, generally from the Tamil tea-estate sector of the country, are subjected to physical, sexual, and mental abuse, nonpayment of wages, and restrictions of their government. The report says there are reports of children being subjected to bonded labor and forced labor in dry-zone farming areas on plantations, and in the fireworks and fish-drying industries. The U.S State Department’s annual report on human trafficking says in Sri Lanka boys are still more likely than girls to be forced into prostitution in coastal areas for domestic child sex tourism.Secretary of State Hillary Clinton released the report, Tuesday, which placed Sri Lanka on Tier 2 among countries whose governments do not fully comply with the minimum standards to counter human trafficking, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.
Canadian RJ Barrett has earned his first NCAA conference award of the season, taking home the ACC freshman of the week honours on Monday.The first-year Duke forward, from Mississauga, Ont., averaged 24 points and eight rebounds in a pair of wins this past week that moved the No. 3 Blue Devils to 7-1 on the season.Barrett put up 22 points and nine rebounds in a 90-69 win over Indiana on Tuesday, and followed that up with a game-high 26 points, seven rebounds, seven assists and four steals in just 18 minutes in a 113-49 victory over Stetson.Barrett was 12-of-14 from the field in the win over the Hatters, and was 21-of-32 (.656) from the field overall, including 4-of-8 from three-point range in the two contests.He is leading the ACC in scoring with 23.1 points-per game this season.The Blue Devils return to the hardwood Wednesday against Hartford.The Canadian Press
Memphis’ Marc Gasol stopping LeBron JamesIt’s not enough for LeBron James that he is considered the best player on the planet. Apparently he wants to be considered the best defensive player, too.Memphis Marc Gasol was named the NBA’s Defensive Player of the Year. James finished second in the voting, and the Miami Heat superstar was not happy.“It sucks,” James said Thursday. “It definitely sucks, though, finishing second. Who wants to finish second?”Gasol received 212 points and 30 first-place votes among a panel of media members and analysts. James finished with 149 points and 14 first-place votes.James stopped short of criticizing Gasol’s defensive merits, but the Heat star said he probably put together the best defensive effort of his career this season.James averaged career highs in defensive rebounds (6.8) and overall rebounds (8.0), along with 1.7 steals and 1 block per game. But his defensive impact is measured by the versatility that has seen James defend all five positions at times during the past three seasons with the Heat.Gasol averaged 7.8 rebounds, 1.7 blocks and one steal for a Grizzlies defense that allowed a league-low 88.7 points per game. The biggest case on Gasol’s behalf was that Memphis was 6.8 points per 100 possessions better defensively when Gasol was on the floor.James believes his defensive talent is unique.“I guard everybody on the floor,” James said while sitting at his locker in Milwaukee. “I don’t know if it’s one player in NBA history that’s guarded 1 (point guards) through 5 (centers). It’s over with now, but it’s cool.”The variety of defensive assignments have taken somewhat of a toll on James. But he said he’s never complained or turned down a matchup if the team needed his services. Against Milwaukee, James is likely to defend point guard Brandon Jennings at one stage, and later help in the paint on center Larry Sanders.“I have to know all the likes and dislikes, pros and cons, of each and every player in this league because at some point, I’m going to be matched up with them,” James said. “It’s a challenge for me mentally and physically.”Heat coach Erik Spoelstra has also campaigned on James’ behalf for more consideration as one of the league’s top defensive players. Even before Gasol was officially announced as the award winner, Spoelstra said he would like to see James break through soon as the winner.“I think he’s deserving every year,” Spoelstra said earlier this week. “Possibly in the eyes of other people, they take him for granted, his impact defensively. He guards 1 through 5 every night and he knows and accepts the challenge. In the fourth quarter, whoever the biggest threat is, that’s who he’s guarding.”
rk podravkasg bbm bietigheimWomen’s handballWomens EHF Champions League The German team SG BBM Bietigheim and Croatian champions RK Podravka Koprivnica joined Women’s EHF Champions League 2018/2019 TOP 16 format.The Croatian best team led by newcomer in the women’s handball, Ex-RK PPD Zagreb coach Zlatko Saracevic, won tough encounter against Romanian vice-champions and EHF Cup winners Craiova 22:21.The German girls had much easier task at the final of qualification tournament. They beat Polish side MKS Perla Lublin 34:19.PHOTO: RK Podravka Facebook ← Previous Story Tobias Karlsson to end career in “rainbow shoes” Next Story → FRENCH LEAGUE CUP: Nice beat Aix!
Last week Google and Samsung decided to wait to announce their “next big thing”. The companies say that they will announce a new date and venue in due course, so hopefully the wait for the Nexus Prime/Galaxy Nexus, or whatever else the duo had planned, isn’t too long. In the meantime, the leaks for this device, internally called the Samsung Tuna, have been seeping through the woodwork. Unfortunately, none of the leaks can agree on the Nexus Prime specs, so we’re just going to focus on the updates to the Android Operating System. Here’s what we think of the upcoming Ice Cream Sandwich, or Android 4.0.New Unlock ScreenIf you’ve used the lock screen on a Honeycomb tablet, the unlock screen is just a bubble that you drag outside of a ring. When the bubble reaches the ring, the device is unlocked. With ICS, you drag the bubble to an action, and the action will occur. For example, if you drag the bubble to the camera icon, the phone will unlock and the camera will launch. This isn’t a particularly new concept to Android, considering HTC’s Sense3.5 launcher offers similar functionality. In fact, the Sense 3.5 launcher allows for five different kinds of unlock actions on their lockscreen. Similarly designed in the new lockscreen for CyanogenMod 7.1, which allows for even deeper customization.Virtual buttonsLike Honeycomb tablets, the Samsung Tuna does not have any buttons on the face of the device. Instead, you find the digital buttons across the bottom of the screen. For devices like the upcoming Samsung Tuna, the screen size has been adjusted to support this new design. Most of the speculative reports of the Tuna say that it will have a 4.6″ screen. This drew some concern, especially among users who felt that 4.3-inch was pushing it. However, if you take into consideration that the screen will be longer to support the on screen buttons, the width of the device will change very little to support the 4.6-inch display.This doesn’t necessarily mean the death of soft buttons either, for those not pleased with the change. Devices that have soft keys will simply not display the digital buttons, keeping the rest of the user interface in tact. Like its predecessor, the Samsung Tuna is a device pushing new concepts to the market to see if anyone else will follow suit. With the Nexus S, that gamble was with a lack of removable storage and the addition of NFC, neither of which have caught on with any amount of significance in the past year.New LauncherAs a tech community, we spend a lot of time talking about how one group “stole” concepts from another. Most recently its been Apple and Google, but surprisingly the leaked images and videos of the Samsung Tuna have brought little outrage to Google’s move to essentially copy some critical features of their biggest supporters. One of the first things I do with many of my phones, if I find the launcher intolerable, is install a launcher replacement. The two biggest launcher replacements in the Android community are ADWLauncher and Launcher Pro. Typically I will choose ADW because it allows me to quickly set four apps of my choosing into the dock and allows me to move them, as well as the launcher icon itself, at will. Samsung implemented this on the original Galaxy Tab, promising to bring it to future versions of their TouchWiz UI. This functionality is now available in the stock launcher for Android 4.0, allowing you to place any four apps you choose in the dock.Another critical feature to the TouchWiz launcher, and one of the first to implement this as well, was a paginated launcher screen. Rather than flick your finger through an unending list of apps, the launcher allowed you to slide from left to right as you would in iOS. This paginated view was already seen in Android 3.0, nearly every Android tablet supporting this style of app navigation in the launcher. It comes as no surprise that an almost 3D variant on this paginated style launcher has shown up in Android 4.0.Final thoughtsThere’s likely to be dozens of new changes to the user experience, as well as features from Honeycomb. I’d expect to see things like USB Host mode, resizable widgets, and added functionality for NFC. For a techy guy like me, these changes are exhilarating. I am thoroughly looking forward to the new experience. I have to wonder, however, how consumers who are not like me will respond. I’ve worked for companies where I’ve gotten angry phone calls for slightly adjusting the placement of the send button on a webmail program. This is a pretty significant, complete UI/UX overhaul, but will Google alienate users who just wanted a phone that had the internet on it by altering the experience so much?
Ever since the earthquake and subsequent Fukushima nuclear disaster that occurred in Japan last year technology has been developed to help if such an event were ever to occur again. One of the biggest problems to overcome in Japan was a lack of power, which has led one Japanese company to create a light that runs purely on salt water.Green House Co. Ltd. has developed the LED Lantern (GH-LED 10WBW), which contains no battery, instead replacing it with a water bag. A mix of 350 milliliters of water and 16 grams of salt allow the lantern to act as a light source for up to 8 hours. After that, you just refill the bag for another 8 hours of light.The LED Lantern functions by using the salt water as an electrolyte. Once placed inside the lantern the solution works with magnesium and carbon rods to produce the necessary power for the light. The magnesium rod also needs replacing, but works for at least 120 hours and replacing it with a new rod is thought to be a simple task.The luminous power of the light is rated at 55 lumen, but the lantern isn’t just limited to acting as a light source. On its casing you will find a USB port, allowing you to plug in and charge other devices. So if you are stuck in a power outage at night you can use the LED Lantern to light the way while it charges your smartphone.Green House is expected to release the LED Lantern before the end of September in Japan. The one thing not yet know is the price, but due to the limited parts it uses I can’t see this being a very expensive device, but it’s certainly one lots of Japanese households will want to have ready in a cupboard just in casevia Tech-On!
Les gels pour les mains, dangereux pour les enfantsUne récente étude réalisée par les Centres antipoison et de toxicovigilance pour l’Afssaps indique que les gels hydro-alcooliques utilisés pour le lavage des mains seraient responsables d’intoxications chez les enfants.Si les spécialistes rappellent régulièrement l’importance de se laver les mains avant de manger ou en sortant des toilettes par exemple, il n’est pas toujours évident d’avoir accès à une source d’eau. Ces dernières années, s’est ainsi répandu l’usage de gels appelés hydro-alcooliques à appliquer sur les mains pour les nettoyer. Des produits qui rencontrent aujourd’hui tellement de succès qu’il n’est pas rare de voir quelqu’un l’utiliser à l’extérieur ou dans les transports. Toutefois, ces gels ne seraient pas sans danger en particulier pour les enfants, d’après une étude réalisée par les Centres antipoison et de toxicovigilance pour l’Afssaps.Reprise par la revue Prescrire, cette étude révèle qu’en 2009 “248 cas d’exposition aux produits hydro-alcooliques pour lavage des mains ont entraîné des symptômes” comme des irritations, un état de somnolence ou d’agitation et même d’ébriété chez des enfants. Des expositions causées dans la plupart des cas par une ingestion accidentelle du produit et dans 35% par un contact avec les yeux. Or, selon les résultats d’analyse dévoilés, plus de 50% des personnes souffrant de ces symptômes étaient âgées de moins de quatre ans. Dans son article, la revue Prescrire raconte ainsi le cas d’une petite fille de moins de cinq ans qui a dû être hospitalisée. “Elle a été présentée à un service d’urgence après avoir ingéré environ 170 millilitres d’une solution hydro-alcoolique pour les mains. Elle était hypnotique mais consciente. Une heure après l’ingestion, l’alcoolémie était de 2,2 grammes par litre. Après une nuit d’observation les symptômes se sont amendés”, rapporte France Soir. Des gels à tenir “hors de portée” des enfants À lire aussiDengue : symptômes, traitement, prévention, où en est-on ?Le taux d’alcoolémie de la fillette n’a toutefois rien d’étonnant tandis que “la dose d’éthanol pouvant entraîner des complications a été estimée (en 2001 par Mc Guigan) à 1,5 ml/kg de poids corporel, soit environ une cuillère à soupe pour un enfant de 10-12 kg, c’est-à-dire âgé de 1 à 2 ans”, explique l’Afssaps dans son rapport. Selon Prescrire, des effets neuropsychiques de l’alcool sont ainsi survenus dans 12 cas : ébriété (5 fois), agitation (4 fois), somnolence (2 fois), confusion (1 fois). Dans d’autres cas, notamment aux États-Unis, l’intoxication a même conduit au coma.Si la texture des gels n’est pas vraiment repoussante, la plupart d’entre eux ont normalement un mauvais goût. Mais certains fabricants proposent des parfums qui peuvent davantage attirer les enfants. Dans tous les cas, Prescrire rappelle l’importance de tenir ces produits “hors de portée des enfants” et de veiller à ce que leur utilisation reste “exceptionnelle, c’est-à-dire uniquement en l’absence de point d’eau”.Le 5 avril 2012 à 11:53 • Maxime Lambert
Tomodensitométrie : définition, comment se passe un examen, et y a-t-il des risques ?Plus communément appelée scanner, la tomodensitométrie (TDM) ou tomographie axiale commandée par ordinateur (TACO) désigne une technique d’imagerie médicale qui permet d’obtenir des clichés en 3D de différents organes du corps humain. Ses indications sont particulièrement nombreuses.Qu’est-ce que la tomodensitométrie ?Cerveau, vaisseaux sanguins, squelette, voies respiratoires, poumons, tissus mous… La grande majorité des parties du corps peuvent être explorées par tomodensitométrie. Ainsi, cet examen scanographique s’avère très utile pour détecter et diagnostiquer de nombreuses affections ou anomalies anatomiques. Il permet, entre autres, de localiser une tumeur et d’évaluer le stade d’un cancer. La tomodensitométrie est également indiquée dans le cadre du suivi d’un traitement ou pour détecter une éventuelle récidive cancéreuse. Basée sur l’utilisation des rayons X, cette technique d’imagerie médicale permet d’obtenir des images en coupes des zones ciblées grâce à des ordinateurs qui vont traduire les signaux émis par les rayonnements lorsqu’ils traversent la matière vivante.Tomodensitométrie : comment se déroule l’examen ?S’il est généralement pratiqué au sein d’un centre hospitalier, l’examen scanographique peut également être réalisé dans certains centres spécialisés. Il faut prévoir environ une heure pour réaliser une tomodensitométrie, voire davantage si le patient est sédaté. Certaines tomodensitométries nécessitent une préparation préalable : lavement, injection d’un produit de contraste, être à jeun… À lire aussiL’Erascan plus qu’un simple effaceur de tableauCes indications sont généralement données par le service avant le jour de l’examen. Le jour J, le patient est pris en charge par un technicien en radiologie. Il devra s’allonger sur la table du scanner en suivant les instructions du manipulateur. La table d’examen est ensuite glissée vers l’intérieur de l’appareil de tomodensitométrie. Selon les cas, il sera nécessaire que le patient retienne sa respiration pendant plusieurs secondes le temps que la caméra réalise les différents clichés.Tomodensitométrie : quels sont les risques pour la santé ?Si les radiations ionisantes sont faibles, elles restent toutefois plus importantes que celles émises par l’environnement ou lors d’une radiographie classique. Ce rayonnement peut accroître lerisque de cancer même si ce dernier reste infime. C’est la raison pour laquelle ce type d’appareil fait l’objet de contrôles techniques réguliers afin de contrôler la dose de rayon émise. En outre, la tomodensitométrie est rarement préconisée en première intention, mais est souvent prescrite à la suite d’autres examens ayant démontré certaines anomalies. Dans 5 % des cas, les patients ayant subi une injection d’un liquide de contraste développent une allergiequi va se caractériser par des troubles gastro-intestinaux, des difficultés respiratoires, des œdèmes… Généralement, il s’agit d’une réaction bénigne et passagère.Le 28 juillet 2017 à 16:10 • Maxime Lambert
Borussia Dortmund Paco Alcácer talked about his time at Barcelona and the opportunities found in the Bundesliga.He adds that in Spain playing time were not afforded. He also imagines the possibility of playing together with Achraf Hakimi at the Santiago Bernabéu one day.“Coming home to Spain is always a nice feeling, in Germany, everyone’s a bit surprised at how much time we get off at Christmas,” he stated via AS“We were back on the 4th and have been training twice a day since the 5th; we’ve come here to work, to get back into the rhythm and so it’s like a sort of mini pre-season. It requires a different mentality because it’s another form of training”.Mourinho: “Lionel Messi made me a better coach” Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Jose Mourinho believes the experience of going up against Barcelona superstar Lionel Messi at Real Madrid made him a greater coach.“It doesn’t bother me to watch Barça’s games but I do put the TV on to watch them. I’ve got friends in the squad, players I really get along well with”.Leo Messi: “I never had any problems with anyone at Barça and even less with Messi. He wrote to me when I left the team”.“If a player feels they are important then they are capable of doing practically anything. Confidence is the base in everything. You need confidence from everyone – the coaching staff, team mates, club directors… now I feel like a more complete player, more a footballer. I think I’m a better player and a better person”.“Would I like to play for Real Madrid? I’m only focused on where I am right now”.
Further investigation warranted in death of Provo man Haitian gov’t official under investigation commits suicide Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 12 Jun 2015 – What does the sanctioned slaughter and mass deaths of 43 million chickens in 15 United States have to do with us here in the Turks and Caicos; well according to Graceway Supermarkets it has led to more expensive eggs in the grocery store. Since an outbreak of Avian Influenza or Bird Flu in the leading egg producing states in the US, the market has seen a 120% spike in egg costs since April due to the extreme shortage of the breakfast time staple. It is being called the most catastrophic hit to the industry ever, with 10% of the United States’ hen laying chickens wiped out. Ken Burns, General Manager of Graceway Supermarkets brought the issue to light in a press release yesterday to Magnetic Media; he says it explains the rise in prices of eggs imported from the US. Related Items:chicken, death, gracewaY SUPERMARKETS, ken burns, US Recommended for you No medical report yet in Capron death
The Pentagon has implemented a civilian hiring freeze for the office of the secretary of defense (OSD), defense agencies and field activities, Defense News reported Thursday.The freeze went into effect March 20 as the result of an order from Deputy Defense Secretary Bob Work, and applies to all vacant full-time and part-time, temporary and permanent civilian positions, according to the story.DOD has been trying to reduce its staffing since a 2013 memo from then-Secretary Chuck Hagel directed major DOD headquarters activities to cut personnel by 20 percent. Last August, Work issued a memo requiring major DOD headquarters activities to plan for a 25 percent reduction in funding for fiscal years 2017 to 2020, effectively extending the earlier cost-cutting initiative.The freeze also is being spurred by language in the fiscal 2016 omnibus spending package requiring $250 million in cuts to streamline DOD headquarters staffing and improve estimates of the size of its civilian workforce.In March 22 testimony, Pentagon Comptroller Mike McCord acknowledged the need to trim the number of headquarters employees. “We have instructions, both internal and from the Congress to hold down civilian [jobs] commensurate with draw down in the military, and we recognize that mandate,” McCord said.During two Senate Armed Services Committee hearings last fall, experts said DOD is getting less bang for its buck. The joint staff has expanded to more than 4,000 employees, the office of the secretary of Defense to 5,000 and the combatant commands have grown to more than 38,000, said Michèle Flournoy, a former DOD undersecretary for policy.Arnold Punaro, a former Marine Corps major general, called the freeze a “prudent move” but underscored the need for the department to get a handle on a baseline count of its civilian workforce.“I have argued for years that there should be authorized numbers for OSD, JCS [Joint Chiefs of Staff] and the other HQ elements just like we do for active duty and Guard and reserve end strengths. That is the only true way to control headcount and it would cover all categories, not just defense civilians,” Punaro told Defense News. Dan Cohen AUTHOR
Photo from the Cama-i Dance Festival Facebook page.The three day Cama-i festival wrapped up Sunday in Bethel. More than 20 dance groups from up and down the Yukon and Kuskowkin rivers and across north America came together to dance, celebrate, and this year, to heal.Download Audio
Alaska Airlines is expanding and updating infrastructure in the state. Alaska Airlines regional vice president Marilyn Romano outlined plans for the Fairbanks Chamber of Commerce on Tuesday.Listen now”We’re getting ready to invest over $100 million, well we’re already doing it, in the state of Alaska,” Romano said.Romano said the biggest project, is construction of a new a forty million dollar hangar in Anchorage.”It will hold two 737 Max-9’s, which are airplanes we have not even taken ownership of yet,” Romano said. “It will hold two side-by-side. And the message that I hope that it sends is that we’re here to stay.”Romano also highlighted smaller Alaska facility upgrades, including at 11 rural sites, as well as changes to the Alaska Airlines fleet of aircraft. She said the 737-400 series, including the half cargo, half passenger “combi” planes, are being phased out.”Some of them have already gone. They’ve already moved out,” Romano said. “We don’t have them anymore. And by the end of the year, they’ll all be gone.”Romano said upgraded 737-700’s as well as newer aircraft will replace the 400’s in the cargo and passenger line up. Romano also announced the return of some jet service between Fairbanks and Anchorage, a change driven by flight delays resulting from maintenance issues with the smaller prop driven Q-400, Ak Air has been running on the commuter route in recent years.”So what we’re gonna have is about eight flights a day,” Romano said. “Half will be on the Q400, but half will be on jets.”The in-state changes come as Alaska Airlines integrates recently purchased Virgin American into its national operation, increasing the number of destinations served, as well as in flight amenities like high speed internet. The acquisition of Virgin makes Alaska the nation’s fifth largest carrier, accounting for seven percent of domestic capacity
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Tuesday fixed the reference rate for the US dollar at 50.0265 rupees and the euro 66.0203 rupees.The corresponding rates of dollar and euro for the previous day (March 5, 2012) were 49.7958 rupees and 65.7392 rupees respectively.Based on the reference rate for the US dollar and middle rates of the cross-currency quotes, the exchange rates of British pound as against the rupee is 79.3170 as against 78.7919 on the previous day (March 5, 2012) and that of Japanese yen is 61.39 as against 61.27 the previous day.
(PhysOrg.com) — New research on the DNA of wallabies, rodents, a number of mammals and bats has found it is likely the ancestors of the Ebola and lesser-known Marburg viruses were in existence tens of millions of years ago, which is much earlier than previously thought. More information: Filoviruses are ancient and integrated into mammalian genomes, BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010, 10:193. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-193 Researchers Unravel Mystery of How Ebola and Marburg Kill Negative stain image of an isolate of Marburg virus, showing filamentous particles as well as the characteristic “Shepherd’s Crook”. Magnification approximately 100,000 times. Image courtesy of Russell Regnery, Ph.D., DVRD, NCID, CDC. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further Citation: Ebola and Marburg viruses may be much older than thought (2010, June 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-06-ebola-marburg-viruses-older-thought.html The Ebola and Marburg viruses are known as “filoviruses,” and result in life-threatening hemorrhaging in humans and other primates. Outbreaks occur in remote locations in Africa, and while rare they cause high fatality rates, and seem to appear out of nowhere. There are no effective treatments, and no vaccines.It was previously thought that filoviruses were probably about 10,000 years old, with this figure based on the estimated mutation rate. The new research, by evolutionary biologist Derek Taylor and a team from the State University of New York in Buffalo, has used a different method to estimate their age.The method is one used by paleovirologists, using remnants of virus genes found scattered within the genomes of animals. Viruses are either DNA or RNA based, and many insert their own genes into the DNA of host cells, and it had been thought that RNA-based viruses needed a gene for reverse transcriptase, an enzyme that converts their RNA to DNA in order to do this. Viruses with the gene are called retroviruses, and include the AIDS virus, HIV. Remnant viral genes from ancient retroviruses can be found in virtually every animal’s genome.Filoviruses are RNA viruses that do not have the gene for reverse transcriptase. Taylor and co-worker Jeremy Bruenn discovered non-retrovirus genes in fungi last year, and dubbed them non-retroviral integrated RNA viruses (NIRVs). In January this year a group of researchers in Boston also reported finding RNA viruses (bornavirus) able to integrate their genes into mammalian DNA without the help of reverse transcriptase.Taylor and his team have found “fossil” remnants of filovirus genes inside the genomes of a dozen species, but have not found any in primate species. They used genome databases to find the fossil remnants in mammals, and also confirmed their presence in a dead bat and a wallaby from a local zoo.The team then compared the filovirus remnants in different species and found they were almost identical, which suggests the virus infected animals early in evolution, and the viral remnants were inherited by succeeding generations as the groups diverged to form separate species. For example, the house mouse and Norway rat have the same remnants in the same places in the same chromosomes, even though these diverged from each other over 12 million years ago. Taylor said the odds of a gene inserting itself in the same place among billions of nucleotides are extremely unlikely, which means the filoviruses are much more ancient than previously thought, with the age at least in the tens of millions rather than tens of thousands. There have been numerous studies looking for species that could harbor filoviruses without contracting the disease (known as reservoir species), and bats have been considered good candidates. The presence of NIRVs, which Taylor calls “battle scars of an infection,” could indicate the species with gene remnants could be reservoir candidates. Finding fossil remnants in New World marsupials could indicate the deaths in South America that sometimes occur after unexplained hemorrhagic fevers may be due to unidentified filoviruses.The paper is published online in BMC Evolutionary Biology. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
The research indicates that there may be a window of opportunity during early human development to optimise the chances of better lifelong health.“Exercise affects many aspects of health, both metabolic and mental, and people are only now starting to look at the plasticity of these gut microbes,” said senior study author Monika Fleshner from University of Colorado Boulder in the US. Microbes take up residence within human intestines shortly after birth and are vital to the development of the immune system and various neural functions. The human gut harbours over 100 trillion microorganisms. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’These microbes can add as many as five million genes to a person’s overall genetic profile and thus have tremendous power to influence aspects of human physiology. While this diverse microbial community remains somewhat malleable throughout adult life and can be influenced by environmental factors such as diet and sleep patterns, the researchers found that gut microorganisms are especially ‘plastic’ at a young age.
WebsiteWebsiteWebsite WebsiteWebsiteWebsite WebsiteWebsiteWebsite Doctors Without Borders (MSF), other treatment providers in South Africa and globally have found that the first new drugs in half a century to be developed for treating drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) are offering new hope to patients — but significant challenges remain to improve availability and affordability of these treatments.Current treatment regimens for DR-TB involve thousands of pills taken over two years, which can have devastating side effects and ultimately only work for 50% of people with multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB and 26% of people with extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB.Access to new drugs bedaquiline and delamanid along with ‘repurposed’ drugs — not specifically developed for TB but that have shown efficacy in treating TB — could be a significant step toward finding a shorter, more tolerable DR-TB regimen in the future.This is good news for South Africa, which has one of the highest burdens of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) in the world, with 30,000 new cases each year, over 18,000 people diagnosed and over 11,500 put on treatment in 2014. Only 3,000 patients worldwide have been treated with bedaquiline, and fewer than 200 with delamanid – only 2% of the 150,000 people around the world that could benefit.“MSF is treating some of the lucky few people in South Africa — and in fact the whole world – to receive access to strengthened treatment regimens including bedaquiline and delamanid,” said Dr. Jennifer Hughes of MSF in South Africa. “South Africa’s Department of Health has been a leader in accessing new DR-TB drugs, with over 1,750 patients receiving bedaquiline nationally since 2013.Ubuntu clinic (integrated TB/HIV) in Khayelitsha.Patients receiving bedaquiline in South Africa had 77% ‘culture conversion’ rates from TB-positive to negative, which is a promising sign that their treatment may ultimately be successful. Additional information from South Africa showed similar safety and efficacy even when bedaquiline was given together with antiretroviral therapy (ART) to TB/HIV co-infected people, another sign that this drug has the potential to transform DR-TB treatment in coming years.Delamanid, however, is not yet as widely available in South Africa.“TB is curable, yet it is now the infectious disease that kills the most people in the world,” said Dr. Grania Brigden, TB Advisor for the MSF Access Campaign. “We desperately need treatment that is easier for people to tolerate, that cures more people, and that is more available and affordable, otherwise it’s just deadly business as usual.” *Article supplied by Doctors Without Borders (MSF). Follow them on Facebook and Twitter for more groundbreaking initiatives.